Dating angola ao
Independence was achieved in 1975 under a communist one-party state backed by the Soviet Union and Cuba after a protracted anti-colonial struggle.However, the country soon descended into an even lengthier civil war that lasted until 2002.
The exclave province of Cabinda has borders with the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Although its territory has been inhabited since the Paleolithic Era, what is now the modern country of Angola was influenced by Portuguese colonisation, which began with, and was for centuries limited to, coastal settlements and trading posts established beginning in the 16th century.In spite of this, the standard of living remains low for the majority of the population, and life expectancy in Angola is among the lowest in the world, while infant mortality rates are among the highest.Angola is a member state of the United Nations, OPEC, African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union and the Southern African Development Community.The Portuguese established their primary early trading post at Soyo, which is now the northernmost city in Angola apart from the Cabinda exclave.Paulo Dias de Novais founded São Paulo de Loanda (Luanda) in 1575 with a hundred families of settlers and four hundred soldiers.Much of the country's infrastructure is still damaged or undeveloped from the 27-year-long civil war.
Since 2005, the government has used billions of dollars in credit lines from China, Brazil, Portugal, Germany, Spain, and the EU to rebuild Angola's public infrastructure.
Angola's high growth rate in recent years was driven by high international prices for its oil.
Angola became a member of OPEC in late 2006 and its current assigned a production quota of 1.65 million barrels a day (bbl/day).
Higher oil prices have helped Angola turn a budget deficit of 8.6% of GDP in 2009 into an surplus of 12% of GDP in 2012.
Corruption, especially in the extractive sectors, also is a major challenge.(Source: World Factbook, 2013) Trade and Investment Framework Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Angola concerning the development of trade and investment relations.
It has since become a relatively stable unitary presidential republic.